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Grammar Review

Grammar Review: Verbs Part II

Voice: form of the verb that indicates whether the subject is doing the action of the verb or receiving the action of the verb
Active Voice: (Preferred) Subject + Verb + Object = Doer of the action + Verb + Receiver of the action.
ex)Karen fixed the problem.
Passive Voice: subject receives the action of the verb
ex)The problem was fixed by Karen.

Passive Voice places emphasis on the result of an action or the receiver of the action rather than the actor or the action itself. Although there are situations where passive voice is appropriate, too many sentences using passive voice make writing seem wordy and boring.

Mood:
Imperative Mood: Give orders, instructions, or commands. The implied subject of a verb in imperative mood is you.
ex)Deliver this letter to Mr. Butler.

Subjunctive Mood: Desired, demanded, or hypothetical situations. Subjunctive mood is rare in contemporary English.
ex)The doctor recommends that my father get a knee replacement.

Indicative Mood: The usual mood for most verbs. It simply declares that an action is so.
ex)Ken enjoys hiking and running.

Phrasal Verbs:Verbs that require more than one word to express their meaning.
ex) Verb: She put her hat on the table.
Phrasal Verb: She put on her hat and coat.
-Although the words attached to phrasal verbs look like prepositions (words that indicate location in time and space), they don’t function as prepositions so they are called particles.

-Phrasal Verbs can be separable or inseparable.
ex)Separable: I cannot figure out this problem.
I cannot figure this problem out.

ex)Inseparable: I need to read up on Standard English Grammar. (Correct)
I need to read up Standard English Grammar on. (Incorrect)

Modal Auxiliaries: Small group of verbs that indicate ability, possibility, permission, or obligation.
ex) We might be able to fix the engine ourselves.
Which word is the modal auxiliary?

Gerunds: A gerund is a verbal (word form derived from a verb) that acts as a noun.
ex)Managing the store is becoming a burden for Stella.
Which word acts as a gerund?

Infinitives: Like gerunds, they are verbals that act as nouns.
Pattern: To + Base form of the verb
ex)The doctor advised her to get treatment quickly.
Rule: Do not split infinitives unless splitting it will make the meaning more clear.
ex)Split: To boldly go where no man has gone before.
Not split: To go boldly where no man has gone before.

Participles: Verbals that act as adjectives.
ex)The dripping faucet kept me awake all night.
Which word is the participle?

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