English 11

Description

Description: explain the physical characteristics of a person, place, or thing

Sensory Details: Utilize the five senses to engage your audience in the subject of description
ex) “The nozzles were variously set but usually so there was a long sweet stream of spray, the nozzle wet in the hand, the water trickling the right forearm and the peeled back cuff, and the water whishing out a long loose and low curved cone, and so gentle a sound.”

Objective Description: a literal or realistic description of a noun
ex)”The main or outer stage was a large platform, which projected out into the audience. Sections of the floor removed to make such things as the grave in the grave digger’s scene in Hamlet, or they could be transformed into trapdoors through which characters could disappear, as in The Tempest.”

Subjective Description: In addition to providing the physical qualities of a noun, the writer will also include how the object makes him feel
ex)Considering the meaning of your desk, a writer could project his feeling by describing it as a “warm brown rectangle of wood whose surface reveals the scratched impressions of a thousand school assignments.”

English 11 Honors,Uncategorized

English 11 Honors: Week in Review September 8-11

Skills:

Thought Process for an Analytical Essay
We talked about the importance of beginning with an opinion about the theme of work before taking notes. I pointed out that if you lay out all of the bones of the plot, you may get confused with details that don’t support your theory of the theme.

Poe and “The Philosophy of Composition”
I briefly went over Poe’s idea of “the Single effect” and how that is helpful for your writing. Remember that every word, sentence, detail should clearly work to support your overall purpose. If you can’t see the purpose of a detail you included in your text, than it stands to reason that your reader will also miss the point. Stay on point and omit unnecessary details.

Outlining your Analytical Essay
I shared my idea of how to structure an analytical essay. Remember to engage your audience in your theme before dealing with the specifics of the text. In your introduction, look outside the text and then move inside. In your body, begin examining the text and then extend the discussion to your audience by relating it to examples outside the text. Remember you should incorporate quotes, but they should be short. (1-7 words) For your conclusion, don’t simply restate the body of your essay. Instead, reemphasize your view of the theme and then relate how the action of your theme inside the text of the work has real world significance for your audience.

Make sure your outline is submitted before Monday and have a good weekend!

English 11

English 11: Week in Review for September 8-11

Skills:
Engaging the Audience
This week we discussed the importance of engaging the audience in a subject before getting into the details. Next week, you will get a chance to practice those skills as you craft a rough draft for your personal narrative.

Organization
We also took a closer look at how writers organize and progress their ideas in a narrative using elements of characterization and plot to emphasize a specific theme. Hopefully, that helped you plan the outline for your personal narrative.

Diction
We defined diction as word choice and began a discussion of how the values and emotions associated with specific words can help a writer emphasize a tone or attitude about the subject. We will go into more depth with that next week.

Make sure you have your outline turned in before Monday and have a good weekend!

Uncategorized

Summer Reading Assignment

When you return to school in the Fall, your first task will be to work through a Writing assignment based on the following Reading List. Choose something you might enjoy and have a safe and memorable summer. The titles in bold are the ones I personally enjoy the most.

English 11/English 11 Honors
Summer Reading List

Pick a book from this reading list. Be prepared to discuss, write about, and present your novel.
1. The Secret Life of Bees—Sue Monk Kidd
2. Song of Solomon—Toni Morrison
3. Joy Luck Club– Amy Tan
4. A Prayer for Owen Meany—John Irving
5. I Know This Much is True—Wally Lamb
6. The Road—Cormac McCarthy
7. I am the Messenger–Markus Zusak
8. The Martian- Andy Weir

AP Language and Composition
Please refer to Mrs. Bailin’s website for summer homework instructions and contact her with any questions.

Grammar Review

Grammar Review: Prepositions

Prepositions: Words that indicate the time and place of a particular noun
ex)The cat was hiding under the chair.
ex)Please place the vase on the table.
ex)We only owned that car for a month.

The bold word is the preposition and the italicized word is the object.

Prepositions at the end of the sentence: Try to avoid ending a sentence with a preposition.
ex)He had no idea what he was there for.
Revision: He had no idea why he was there.

Prepositional Phrase: Consists of a preposition, an object(noun or pronoun), and determiner(articles, adjectives, or pronouns)
Preposition + Determiner + Object
Ex) into(preposition) the(determiner) seats(noun)

Predicate Preposition: prepositional phrase following a a form of the verb to be and telling where the subject of the sentence is located.
ex)The dog is in the neighbor’s backyard.
ex)My keys were on the kitchen counter.

Grammar Review

Grammar Review: Conjunctions

Conjunctions: Words that join other words, phrases, or clauses.

Coordinating Conjunctions-connect words or groups of words of the same grammatical type.
(and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet)
ex) The chef prepared chicken and pasta for dinner.
ex) For this project, you will need scissors, glue, and paper.

Beginning a sentence with “And”
-It is not wrong, but you should use it sparingly.

Correlative Conjunctions-function like coordinating conjunctions, but they have two parts.
-Either…or
-Not only…but
-Neither…nor
-Both…and
-Whether…or
-As…as

ex)Both the police and the FBI were investigating the crime.
ex)Either he goes, or I do.
ex)The rescue workers brought not only food but blankets.

Subordinating Conjunctions-connect dependent clauses and independent clauses.
(after, although, as, because, before, even, if, except, since, than, though, unless, until, when, where, while)
ex)We will go to Ethan’s house after we finish practice.
ex)I enjoyed talking to him because he has such a great sense of humor.

Conjunctive Adverbs-connect independent clauses
(afterwards, anyway, besides, consequently, eventually, finally, for example, however, instead, later, likewise, nevertheless, next, now, otherwise, still, then, therefore, thus, unfortunately)

ex)I would like to buy a new car; however, I will settle for a used one.
ex)You need to study more; otherwise, you will flunk Calculus.

Grammar Review

Grammar Review: Verbs Part II

Voice: form of the verb that indicates whether the subject is doing the action of the verb or receiving the action of the verb
Active Voice: (Preferred) Subject + Verb + Object = Doer of the action + Verb + Receiver of the action.
ex)Karen fixed the problem.
Passive Voice: subject receives the action of the verb
ex)The problem was fixed by Karen.

Passive Voice places emphasis on the result of an action or the receiver of the action rather than the actor or the action itself. Although there are situations where passive voice is appropriate, too many sentences using passive voice make writing seem wordy and boring.

Mood:
Imperative Mood: Give orders, instructions, or commands. The implied subject of a verb in imperative mood is you.
ex)Deliver this letter to Mr. Butler.

Subjunctive Mood: Desired, demanded, or hypothetical situations. Subjunctive mood is rare in contemporary English.
ex)The doctor recommends that my father get a knee replacement.

Indicative Mood: The usual mood for most verbs. It simply declares that an action is so.
ex)Ken enjoys hiking and running.

Phrasal Verbs:Verbs that require more than one word to express their meaning.
ex) Verb: She put her hat on the table.
Phrasal Verb: She put on her hat and coat.
-Although the words attached to phrasal verbs look like prepositions (words that indicate location in time and space), they don’t function as prepositions so they are called particles.

-Phrasal Verbs can be separable or inseparable.
ex)Separable: I cannot figure out this problem.
I cannot figure this problem out.

ex)Inseparable: I need to read up on Standard English Grammar. (Correct)
I need to read up Standard English Grammar on. (Incorrect)

Modal Auxiliaries: Small group of verbs that indicate ability, possibility, permission, or obligation.
ex) We might be able to fix the engine ourselves.
Which word is the modal auxiliary?

Gerunds: A gerund is a verbal (word form derived from a verb) that acts as a noun.
ex)Managing the store is becoming a burden for Stella.
Which word acts as a gerund?

Infinitives: Like gerunds, they are verbals that act as nouns.
Pattern: To + Base form of the verb
ex)The doctor advised her to get treatment quickly.
Rule: Do not split infinitives unless splitting it will make the meaning more clear.
ex)Split: To boldly go where no man has gone before.
Not split: To go boldly where no man has gone before.

Participles: Verbals that act as adjectives.
ex)The dripping faucet kept me awake all night.
Which word is the participle?

Grammar Review,Uncategorized

Grammar Review: Verbs Part I

Verbs:
-Words that express action, states of being or condition.
-Verbs have a subject and also an object.

Intransitive Verbs: Verbs that do not require any objects to express their meaning.
-ex)The sun shines.
Transitive Verbs: Verbs that require an object to complete their meaning.
ex)Julia bought a bicycle.

Indirect Objects:An indirect object tells to whom or for whom an action was done.
ex)Julia bought her sister a bicycle.
What is the indirect object?

Linking Verbs: Verb that describes or explains the subject. (no real action)
ex) Running is my favorite activity.
Common linking verbs:
(is, seem, appear, look, feel, sound, taste, and smell)

Which example uses a linking verb?
ex)The garbage smelled awful.
The dog smelled the garbage.

Verb Tenses: Indicates the time at which the action takes place.
(past, present, future)
Which tense are the following examples:
ex)The cat sees the bird.
ex)My sister left for the movie.
ex)We will go to Germany next summer.

Present Progressive Tense: action is currently taking place.
Present Tense form of to be (is,are) + verb with -ing ending.
ex)We are negotiating with a new supplier.

Past Progressive Tense: An event that was in progress at a point in the past.
Past Tense of to be(was, were) + verb.
ex)We were looking for you last night.

Future Progressive Tense: An event that will be in progress at a point in the future.
(Will be) + verb
ex)We will be participating in the Spring PBL in two weeks.

Present Perfect Tense: Most refers to actions completed in the past that have some effect on the present situation.
ex)Mr. Jones has ordered a couch for his new house, but it has not arrived yet.

Past Perfect Tense: indicates an action that preceded another action in the past.
ex)I had visited London many times before I decided to live there.

Future Perfect Tense: Indicates an event that will be completed by a specific point in the future.
ex)We will have finished the project by the end of the week.

Present Perfect Progressive Tense: Indicates an ongoing event begun in the past and continuing in the present.
ex)We have been taking dance lessons for three weeks now.

Past Perfect Progressive Tense: Indicates an ongoing event that was completed in the past before another past event.
ex)Mark had been applying for other jobs before he was laid off.

Future Perfect Progressive Tense: Indicates an ongoing event that will be completed by a certain point in the future.
ex)The party will have been going for three hours by the time we arrive.

Grammar Review

Grammar Review: Nouns

Noun: person,place,thing,activity,collection,condition,event,group,or quality.

Article: a type of adjective associated with nouns. (the,a,an)
Indefinite Article (a,an) To specify a single thing or unknown item.
Examples: I need an exam book.
I bought a car.
-When a noun starts with a vowel sound like honest use (an) for ease of pronunciation. I am an honest man.

Definite Article (the) Refers to a specific or already known noun.
Examples
The dog chased a cat up the tree.
-(A, an) is often used for the first mention of an object then the definite article is used because it is known.
Example: My father gave me a watch. The watch belonged to my grandfather.

A few guidelines for articles:
-Most proper nouns do not need articles. (exceptions famous sites or geographical features)
-Most collective nouns do not need articles. (I like cheese.)

Proper Noun: the name of a specific person, place, or thing that must be capitalized.

Collective Nouns: refer to a specific group of persons or things. Collective nouns are usually singular, except when referring to the individual members of a group.

Plural Nouns
Make a hyphenated noun plural by adding (s or es) to the noun

Showing possession
Add a (‘s) to make a noun possessive. To show possession with a noun ending in s or z you just need to add an apostrophe. (Charles’)

Noun-Verb Agreement (Also known as Subject-Verb Agreement)
A singular noun must be used with a singular verb; a plural noun with a plural verb.
Examples:
My sister is an auditor.
My sisters are accountants.

Uncategorized

The Devil and Tom Walker: Satire Questions

1. How can the details of the description of Tom’s wife be considered satirical? page 314
2. How are the thoughts of The Black Woodsman on page 317 absurd commentary on the flaws of early American settlers of New England?
3. How does the symbolism of the trees on page 317 foreshadow Tom’s fate? (Not satire)
4. What is the nature and purpose of the syntax used in lines 173-77 on page 319?
5. How does Irving once again satirize the character of an American wife on page 320?
6. How does Irving satirize the flaws of a “violent churchgoer” on page 322?
7. How does irony play a crucial role in the resolution of the plot?