Energy-Matter —Management Of Personal Energy And Matter Project – Tutorials #2!!!

There are many ways to learn Biology in this “The Information Age.”    This project is one way to learn!  This project is focused on Energy and Matter as it relates to human life.  In order to accomplish the project at a high level, much knowledge about energy, matter, and human metabolism, will be required.  Learn from the following videos to have the knowledge and understanding base needed for the “Management Of Personal Energy And Matter” project.  Now that, is pretty important!  Get on it and learn about it!

Click the following links to learn more about Energy-Matter in this project:

Kahn Academy Video:  Productivity-Calories And Joules

Kahn Academy Video:  Energy Defined

Kahn Academy Video:  Energy Storage

Kahn Academy Video:  Metabolism

Video:  Converting Calories And Joules

Video:  Converting Calories And Joules

Video:  Calculating BMR

Tutorial:  Calculating BMR and Energy Requirements

Harris–Benedict equation

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Harris–Benedict equation (also called the Harris-Benedict principle) is a method used to estimate an individual’s basal metabolic rate(BMR) and daily kilocalorie requirements. The estimated BMR value is multiplied by a number that corresponds to the individual’s activity level. The resulting number is the recommended daily kilocalorie intake to maintain current body weight.

The Harris–Benedict equation may be used to assist weight loss — by reducing kilocalorie intake number below the estimated maintenance intake of the equation.[citation needed]

Step 1 – Calculating the Harris–Benedict BMR[edit]

The original Harris–Benedict equations published in 1918 and 1919.[1][2]

BMR calculation for men (metric) BMR = 66.5 + ( 13.75 x weight in kg ) + ( 5.003 x height in cm ) – ( 6.755 x age in years )
BMR calculation for men (imperial) BMR = 66 + ( 6.2 x weight in pounds ) + ( 12.7 x height in inches ) – ( 6.76 x age in years )
BMR calculation for women (metric) BMR = 655.1 + ( 9.563 x weight in kg ) + ( 1.850 x height in cm ) – ( 4.676 x age in years )
BMR calculation for women (imperial) BMR = 655.1 + ( 4.35 x weight in pounds ) + ( 4.7 x height in inches ) – ( 4.7 x age in years )

The Harris–Benedict equations revised by Roza and Shizgal in 1984.[3]

Men BMR = 88.362 + (13.397 x weight in kg) + (4.799 x height in cm) – (5.677 x age in years)
Women BMR = 447.593 + (9.247 x weight in kg) + (3.098 x height in cm) – (4.330 x age in years)

The 95% confidence range for men is ±213.0 kcal/day, and ±201.0 kcal/day for women.

Step 2 – Determine Recommended Intake[edit]

The following table enables calculation of an individual’s recommended daily kilocalorie intake to maintain current weight.[4]

Little to no exercise Daily kilocalories needed = BMR x 1.2
Light exercise (1–3 days per week) Daily kilocalories needed = BMR x 1.375
Moderate exercise (3–5 days per week) Daily kilocalories needed = BMR x 1.55
Heavy exercise (6–7 days per week) Daily kilocalories needed = BMR x 1.725
Very heavy exercise (twice per day, extra heavy workouts) Daily kilocalories needed = BMR x 1.9


The Harris–Benedict equation sprang from a study by James Arthur Harris and Francis Gano Benedict, which was published in 1919 by the Carnegie Institution of Washington in the monograph A Biometric Study Of Basal Metabolism In Man. A 1984 revision improved its accuracy. Mifflin et al. published an equation more predictive for modern lifestyles in 1990.[5][6] Later work produced BMR estimators that accounted for lean body mass.


Tutorial:  Calculating BMR and Energy Requirements

Body mass index

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


A graph of body mass index as a function of body mass and body height. The dashed lines represent subdivisions within a major class.[note 1]

The body mass index (BMI) or Quetelet index is a value derived from the mass(weight) and height of an individual. The BMI is defined as the body mass divided by the square of the body height, and is universally expressed in units of kg/m2, resulting from mass in kilograms and height in metres. The BMI may also be determined using a table[note 2] or chart which displays BMI as a function of mass and height using contour lines or colors for different BMI categories, and may use two different units of measurement.[note 3]

The BMI is an attempt to quantify the amount of tissue mass (muscle, fat, and bone) in an individual, and then categorize that person as underweightnormal weightoverweight, or obese based on that value. However, there is some debate about where on the BMI scale the dividing lines between categories should be placed.[2] Commonly accepted BMI ranges are underweight: under 18.5, normal weight: 18.5 to 25, overweight: 25 to 30, obese: over 30.


Tutorial:  Low Calorie Dieting

Very low calorie diet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Very low calorie diet (VLCD) is a diet with very or extremely low daily food energy consumption. It is defined as a diet of 800 kilocalories(3,300 kJ) per day or less. VLCDs are formulated, nutritionally complete, liquid meals containing 800 kilocalories or less per day. VLCDs also contain the recommended daily requirements for vitaminsmineralstrace elementsfatty acids and proteinCarbohydrate may be entirely absent, or substituted for a portion of the protein; this choice has important metabolic effects.[1] The VLCD products are usually a powder which is mixed with water or another low-food-energy liquid. The VLCD is prescribed on a case to case basis for rapid weight loss (about 1.5 to 2.5 kilograms or 3 to 5 pounds per week) in people with Body Mass Index of 30 and above. The health care provider can recommend the diet to a patient with a BMI between 27 and 30 if the medical complications the patient has due to being overweight present serious health risks.[2] It results in 4% more weight loss over the short term as compared to control.[3]

Health effects[edit]

Health benefits[edit]

A 1997 study concludes that the short-term use of a VLCD is very effective in rapidly improving glycaemic control and promoting substantial weight loss in obese patients with Type 2 diabetes.[4] Moreover, a VLCD increases insulin sensitivity and reduces the substrate for gluconeogenesis. Thus VLCD treatment may improve glycaemic control more than calorie restriction alone. A VLCD is typically undertaken by an obese patient who wishes to lose a lot of weight quickly, as the risk to health that obesity presents is considered much greater than any risks of the diet itself, so long as it is undertaken with medical supervision.[5]

Adverse effects[edit]

Studies have shown that in about one in four individuals following a VLCD for a few months, gallstones develop. However, these gallstones may be small enough to not cause discomfort, and often disappear when a normal eating pattern is resumed.[6][7][8] Gallstone formation is facilitated by the more concentrated bile fluid and reduced flow as a result of a VLCD. Another potential side effect is constipation (depending on the fiber content of the diet).[9][10][11] Unmonitored VLCDs with insufficient macronutrient and mineral intake have the potential to cause sudden death via ventricular tachycardia[12][13]

See also[edit]


Twenty Highest Paying Jobs In America 2017!!!!! What Are-Where Are The Best Paying Jobs For The Near Future?

Dr. Bruce Wollman, a Kaiser Permanente radiologist


The 20 highest-paying jobs in America

4:47 PM ET Wed, 18 Jan 2017


Biology Quarter II Begins Monday, October 16, 2017! Focus Is Matter And Energy And Life!!!!

Chris Hadfield On ISS!!!

Chris Hadfield On ISS!!!

Biology Syllabus 2012-2013

Biology Syllabus 2012-2013

SWCTA LetterHead Pict.

SWCTA LetterHead Pict.

pH Titration Lab With LabQuest Technology 2.

pH Titration Lab With LabQuest Technology 2.



Onion Mitosis

Onion Mitosis

Holt Modern Biology Text

Holt Modern Biology Text



Biology marks for the First Quarter of the 2017-2018 school year will close on TUESDAY, October 10, 2017.  The First Quarter Biology Exam, which will be administered next week, is on Monday and Tuesday October, 09, 10, 2017.   Best of luck to all students!!!  Prepare!!!!!  Students may use their InterActive Notebook on the Exam!  Bring a #2 pencil to the exam!

Keep Calm Study Hard Poster - Green

Keep Calm Study Hard Poster – Green


Biology Quarter I Exam-Practice Exam! Get On It!!! Time Is Moving On!!!

 Work Hard – Work Smart!!!  When done working the Biology Quarter I Exam Practice Exam, then challenge yourself and better prepare in the testing environment by taking the Biology Quarter I Exam next week.

Click the link below to go to QUIA.  Find the Biology Quarter I Exam Practice Exam and click on it.  You will not need to log-in and it is not going to impact your class average.  It will help you better prepare for the semester exam, the academic equivalent to the Olympic Games experience of a world class athlete, but this one centered on you the learner’s performance on the Biology semester exam!  Good luck.  Work hard.  Prepare.  Make success!!!

In a word …. WIN!!!

Biology First Quarter Practice Exam 2017-2018!!!!


Biology 3010 – 3010H Quarter 1 Practice Exam-Study Guide!!!!

Prepare for your Biology Quarter 1 Exam by using your INB to note, review, and study important concepts and points studied during the first quarter.  REMEMBER:  Students may use their INB on the quarter exam (and semester exam in January).  Good luck; hard work often makes good luck!!!

Click the links below for the Study Guide/Practice Test:

Biology Quarter 1 Exam Study Guide

Biology 1030 – 1030H Quarter 1 Exam Study Guide

Biology 3010 – Biology 3010H Quarter 1 Practice Exam LITE

Biology 3010 – Biology 3010H Quarter 1 Practice Exam

BIOLOGY 3010H,CHEMISTRY 3100,Uncategorized

Ten (10) Tips For Good Public Speaking-Good Presentations Hinge On Spoken Language!!!

POL Pict.

POL Presentation Showcase Speaking!

 Ten (10) Tips for Public Speaking

How to find your confidence.

Feeling some nervousness before giving a speech is natural and even beneficial, but too much nervousness can be detrimental. Here are some proven tips on how to control your butterflies and give better presentations:

1.  Know your material. Pick a topic you are interested in. Know more about it than you include in your speech. Use humor, personal stories and conversational language – that way you won’t easily forget what to say.

2.  Practice. Practice. Practice! Rehearse out loud with all equipment you plan on using. Revise as necessary. Work to control filler words; Practice, pause and breathe. Practice with a timer and allow time for the unexpected.

3.  Know the audience. Greet some of the audience members as they arrive. It’s easier to speak to a group of friends than to strangers.

4.  Know the room. Arrive early, walk around the speaking area and practice using the microphone and any visual aids.

5.  Relax. Begin by addressing the audience. It buys you time and calms your nerves. Pause, smile and count to three before saying anything. (“One one-thousand, two one-thousand, three one thousand. Pause. Begin.) Transform nervous energy into enthusiasm.

6.  Visualize yourself giving your speech. Imagine yourself speaking, making eye contact, your voice loud, clear and confident. Visualize the audience clapping – it will boost your confidence.

7.  Realize that people want you to succeed. Audiences want you to be interesting, stimulating, informative and entertaining. They’re rooting for you.

8.  Don’t apologize for any nervousness or problem – the audience probably never noticed it. Remember to breathe. Also, you don’t need to fill silence with “ums” and “ughs”—a few seconds of silence is OK.

9.  Concentrate on the message – not the medium. Focus your attention away from your own anxieties and concentrate on your message and your audience.

10.  Gain experience. Mainly, your speech should represent you — as an authority and as a person.

Experience builds confidence, which is the key to effective speaking.

 Utilize public speaking resources online as well!

Cells-Cytology Aesthetics Project POL!!!!

Cells-Cytology Aesthetics Project POL!!!!



The Art (And Science) Of Argumentation In Science!!!

Art Of Argumentation In Science

Art Of Argumentation In Science

Art of Argumentation In Science


Perceptions Are Not Reality: Things The World Gets Wrong…


Of the fourteen countries included in the Perils of Perception survey in 2014, the United States finished second to last.  The survey seems to uncover many misconceptions that people have that are at variance to the facts concerning mostly common truths.  It raises the question why would the United States do so poorly?

Take the Perils of Perception survey by clicking the link below.



Argumentation Is Key To Modern Science-Understand Scientific Argumentation And Use It To Make The Claim!!!